Landscape AnalysisMember Research

Mapping Digital Landscapes of Trans Activism in Central Asia and Eastern Europe

New report: Mapping Digital Landscapes of Trans Activism in Central Asia and Eastern Europe (CAEE) by Astraea Lesbian Foundation for Justice and Transgender Europe (TGEU).

The report, which is available in English and Russian, analyzes trans activism in this region in relation to the patterns of digital usage, barriers to free and safe use of the internet, holistic security threats, and resistance strategies to homo/transphobic-motivated censorship, surveillance, and online attacks. You can see more detailed information about this report as well as on Astraea and TGEU websites.

The report includes recommendations to funders, advocates and social media companies, encouraging them to defend and uphold trans rights, and work towards ensuring holistic security for trans activism. This useful advocacy tool also sheds light on the impact of the closing of civil society spaces on trans activism, and the devastating effect that attacks on freedom of expression have on activists in Central Asia and Eastern Europe.

In CAEE, trans lives are endangered not only by homophobic and transphobic legislation, but also by governments seeking to exert stricter surveillance over civil society by controlling and monitoring internet usage. Restrictions on internet freedom have a disproportionate effect on trans communities in the region who rely on the internet for their activist, personal, and professional lives, making it a critical tool for connecting and movement building.

Trans communities in the region are resisting these challenges using digital tools in creative ways:

  • In Russia, Foundation Transgender, an NGO working with trans people, crossdressers, and genderqueer people, chose to relocate their website hosting to servers based outside of Russia, in order to keep their organizational documents secure from the imposing 2012 Gay Propaganda Bill.
  • Trans activists in Turkey created the hashtag #GameOfTrans in 2017, using various social media platforms to organize a Trans Parade on the streets of Istanbul. The action revealed activists’ power to mobilize communities despite government surveillance.
  • LGBT Organization Labrys Kyrgyzstan responded to increasingly violent homophobic and transphobic hate speech on and offline with a regional email and listserv campaign, sharing information about the incidents with a wider European and Central Asian community of activists, and inviting them to share their own best practice responses and strategies.

“With the growing importance of digital organizing for trans movements coupled with crackdowns on internet freedom and civil society, there is an urgent need to invest resources in trans movements in CAEE,” says Mariam Gagoshashvili, Senior Program Officer at Astraea Lesbian Foundation for Justice. Investment in digital infrastructure alongside funding of trans-led groups is crucial to supporting the continuing fight against oppressive power structures and essential for the human rights of trans people in the CAEE region.

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